Thatcham

Location

Thatcham lies three miles east of Newbury. The Great Bath Road (now the A4), the Great Western railway line, the river Kennet and the Kennet and Avon Canal all cross the parish from east to west. Thatcham railway station lies to the south of the town. The river Lambourn joins the Kennet in the west of the parish near Ham Mill. The river Enborne forms part of the southern border of the parish.

Thatcham-map-interwar

Thatcham area mapped between the wars

The village and parish formerly contained several tithings and hamlets which have now been split out into self-contained ecclesiastical and civil parishes:

  • Greenham, formerly a chapelry of Thatcham, separated into an ecclesiastical parish in 1857. For civil purposes part of it was detached and transferred to Newbury borough in 1878. The remaining portion now has its own civil parish council (and its own entry in this article series)
  • Crookham lies in the south of Thatcham, spreading out across Crookham Common. It comprised two manors: Crookham and Chamberhouse. Part (if not all) of it was taken into Newbury, along with part of Greenham, in 1878, and the rest was incorporated into Greenham civil parish.
  • Midgham was part of Thatcham parish until 1857 when, like Greenham, it became its own ecclesiastical parish. It is now also a civil parish in its own right. The parish website is www.midgham.com.
  • The ecclesiastical parish of Ashmore Green transferred to Cold Ash in 1865. In 1894 it became a separate civil parish.
  • Cold Ash, orginally consisting of Cold Ash village, Ashmore Green and parts of Manor Park and Manor fields, separated from Thatcham to become a civil parish in 1894. It has its own entry in this series.

The following concerns Thatcham only, as the settlements listed above are treated under their own headings.

Size

in 1851: Thatcham, which then still included Greenham, Midgham, Cold Ash 7,866 acres (3,183 hectares)

after the separation of those settlements: Thatcham 5,936 acres (2,402 hectares)

Population

  • in 1851: Thatcham and Cold Ash 2,860; Midgham 250
  • in 2011: Thatcham Central 6,025, Thatcham North 5,810, Thatcham South and Crookham 7,082, Thatcham West 6,364

Hundred

Reading (Greenham was in Faircross)

Poor Law union

Newbury

Registration district

Newbury

Present-day local authority

West Berkshire

Grid reference

SU 51 67

Adjoining parishes

Speen, Shaw-cum-Donnington, Chieveley, Hampstead Norreys, Bucklebury, Midgham, Greenham, and in Hampshire: Brimpton, Ecchinswell, Sydmonton, Burghclere, Kingsclere

Genealogical resources

West Berkshire Library has 1841-91 census returns for Thatcham on microfilm/fiche, and an index to the 1851 census.

Available from BerksFHS Books
  • Berkshire Marriages 3rd ed CD covers St Mary 1561 - 1836, 1960-70
  • Berkshire Burials 12th ed CD covers St Mary 1561 - 1970; Thatcham & Bucklebury Congregational 1819-71; Thatcham cemetery 1887 - 1940

Thatcham Historical Society publishes

  • the transcription of Thatcham St Mary’s MIs carried out by the society in 1980 (online)
  • MIs of Thatcham Cemetery
  • a journal, newsletters and occasional papers

See also Berkshire Record Office holdings

Additional information