Journal articles 2001-2

Berkshire Family Historian articles between June 2001 and September 2002

A distant shore

by Martyn Killion

While the British Isles and Australia have a great deal in common, particularly in respect of their histories, there are significant differences when it comes to the methodology and sources used in genealogical research in each country. It is hardly surprising given that Australia was and still is to some extent today, a nation largely made up of immigrants, that Australian research focuses on immigration and the immigration records available. The various forms of immigration, the records available and the information they contain can provide priceless information for any family historian. For Australian researchers the value is obvious - immigration is the link back overseas to continue research. For an English family historian the records can be just as valuable in providing details of a long lost branch of the family. As will be seen the records may also assist the research process on those ancestors who stayed behind.

In order successfully to trace immigration from England to Australia, there are a number of factors to consider before delving into the records. The first of these is that there were several types of 'immigrants' to Australian shores - unassisted arrivals, assisted immigrants, convicts, captains and crews of vessels and personnel serving with the British military regiments stationed in the colonies throughout the nineteenth century. For some of these categories of arrival, the records can be extremely useful, and for others very disappointing. Not all of the colonies received all of these categories of immigrants. South Australia, for example, did not receive convicts transported directly from the British Isles. The second factor to consider is that until the 1920s, immigration was the responsibility of each colony (later state) of Australia. From that time on, immigration became the responsibility of the Commonwealth Government. Effectively, this means that prior to the 1920s, each colony or state maintained its own records of immigrants arriving within its borders. Today the government archives in each State maintain these records. In order to trace an immigrant successfully, it is therefore necessary to know the immigrant's intended port of destination when they departed from England. The alternative is, through a process of elimination, to conduct research into the records of each state. The records will vary from state to state in terms of the information they contain, the indexing work that may have been done on them and finally what has survived.

The focus of this article rests on the two main methods of free immigration - unassisted and assisted arrivals, and the records for each that can be found in New South Wales are used as examples of the type of information which may be obtained.

Unassisted Arrivals

This category of arrival refers to those people who paid the cost of their own voyage. Because there was no need for the government of the day to have any involvement to any great extent in this method of immigration, the information which was recorded about such people is limited. Furthermore, in New South Wales, for the period from the 1790s to 1826, few passenger lists of ships carrying unassisted arrivals survive. From 1826 to the 1920s and beyond, the lists do survive. The problems in their use is that the lists are arranged chronologically by date of arrival and beyond 1855 there are currently no name indexes to the lists.

Cartoon from 'Punch'

A Punch cartoon

The difficulties in the use of passenger lists for unassisted passengers is further complicated by the fact that the only identifying information recorded about unassisted passengers is generally their name. This can make the research process tedious and inadequate especially when researching a common name which may appear several times on one list let alone in several lists over a period of time which may need to be searched. During some periods of time not all passengers are individually identified. This is especially the case in the early 1850s, during the goldrush period when hordes of passengers arrived in Victoria and New South Wales in search of their fortunes.

Assisted Arrivals

The research process is much easier and more rewarding for assisted immigrants. A number of assisted immigration schemes were operated from 1828 in New South Wales. The majority of these were founded and monitored by the New South Wales government. These were designed at various times to, for example, redress the imbalance of the sexes within the colony or the lack of skilled labour.

As a result, the government recorded a large amount of detail about the individuals who were 'helped' out to the colonies in this way. Take, for example, the Jones family who arrived in New South Wales on the Sirocco in October 1864. From the Board's Immigrant List we learn that James Jones was 46, a bricklayer whose native place is stated as Benford (presumably Binfield), Berkshire, England. His parents are named as John and Mary Jones who were both deceased, religion is stated as Church of England and James could both read and write. It is also stated that his brother-in-law, Thomas Bolton was in the colony living at Dapto near Wollongong, south of Sydney. James' wife, Mary, aged 48 was also a native of 'Benford' and her parents were both deceased. The couple also immigrated with a daughter, Emily, a 16-year-old milliner.1

A further example would be that of Ruth Skinner, a 27-year-old cook who arrived on the Morning Star in the same year. She is described as being a native of Shrivenham, Berkshire and a daughter of William and Elizabeth Skinner both living at Asbury, Shrivenham.2

Clearly, from the research point of view, such assisted immigrant records provide sufficient information to be able to continue research overseas. Based on the Ruth Skinner example above, research could then continue with parish registers to find her baptism and a search of the 1861 Census for Shrivenham may well pinpoint at least Ruth's parents. From an English research point of view, the same can be said: this record may help to eliminate details such as the deaths of Ruth's parents by at least providing the information that they were alive at the time of her departure in May of 1864.

The research process for assisted immigrants is also quite straightforward as all the records have been name indexed and, in the case of New South Wales at least, the majority of these indexes are now available on-line via State Records' website located at www.records.nsw.gov.au.

In New South Wales, assisted immigrant records may also be supplemented by a series of records known as the Immigration Deposit Journals. These are a record of the monies paid towards the cost of an immigrant's fare and can, once again, provide some very interesting clues.

These records show, for example, that Thomas Boulton (note the spelling) paid monies towards the cost of the voyage of the Jones family above. The Journals show a distinct discrepancy in the ages of James and Mary Jones which are stated as 38 and 48 respectively. The family is also described, on this occasion, as being of Vinfield, Berkshire while a Mr J. Lawrence of the same place is listed as 'some person of note to whom reference can be made respecting the emigrants'. This record also helps to add further family members to the picture by stating that Thomas Boulton had also sponsored a William Bolton who also travelled on the Sirocco.3

For Ruth Skinner, her sponsor was John Strath (possibly a prospective employer). In the Immigration Deposit Journals, Ruth is described as living in London.4 This provides another interesting clue in the event of not being able to find her in her home parish using census records.

As with all other records, it is important to exercise some caution in using records of assisted immigrants. At various times there were strict limitations imposed on, for example, the age, trade or education of immigrants who were assisted to the colony. It therefore may well have been in our ancestors' interests to over-or understate their ages, occupation or education level when providing information which we now rely so heavily upon to accurately document their lives.

Immigration records from both sides of the research globe can assist family historians. Their value from the Australian perspective is obvious in terms of tracing a family 'overseas' – more often than not the goal of many an Australian family historian. Their value for tracing family events and movements in the British Isles is also becoming more apparent as a greater number of researchers internationally become aware of their existence.

References

1. State Records NSW: Immigration; CGS 5317, Persons on bounty ships to Sydney, Newcastle and Moreton Bay (Board's Immigrant Lists). Passenger list of the Sirocco, arrived 3 October 1864.

2. SRNSW: Immigration; CGS 5317, Persons on bounty ships to Sydney, Newcastle and Moreton Bay (Board's Immigrant Lists). Passenger list of the Morning Star, arrived 3 September 1864.

3. SRNSW: Immigration, CG55264, Immigration Deposit Journals. Deposit No. 4170 of 1863, Reel 2671.

4.ibid., Deposit No. 1470 of 1864, Reel 2671.

Further Reading and Information

For links to the websites of National, State and Territory archives see www.archivenet.gov.au/archives.html

Kershaw, Roger, Emigrants and Expats: A Guide to Sources on UK Emigration and Residents Overseas (PRO 2002).

Madgwick, R.B. Immigration into Eastern Australia, 1788-1851 (Sydney, Sydney University Press, 1969).

Martyn Killion, BA, Grad. Dip Applied Science (Information), Dip FHS, has been involved in family history for the last 25 years. He has been employed by State Records (NSW) since 1987 and currently holds the position of Executive Officer. Martyn was President of the Australasian Federation of Family History Organisations from 1991 to 1995. He is the President and Honorary Archivist of the Society of Australian Genealogists based in Sydney.

The National Monuments Record

by Alyson Rogers

The National Monuments Record (NMR) is English Heritage's public archive and provides information on the architecture and archaeology of England. Anyone is welcome to consult the NMR, either by visiting one of our search rooms in Swindon or London, or by using our remote enquiry service. The main archive is in Swindon, apart from architectural records for Greater London held in our London Search Room.

We aim to encourage the understanding of the historic environment by providing access to the historic archives of England's heritage and preserving our unique archives and data for future generations. We aim to set national standards for the capture, curation and dissemination of heritage archives and information in partnership with others and to act as a gateway to archives and information held by others.

What records does the NMR hold?

The NMR is home to ten million archive items, which relate to England's buildings and archaeological sites. These include material deposited by many organisations as well as the work of English Heritage's own survey staff and photographers. Among our collections are:

Air photographs of England

The NMR houses the largest reference collection of air photographs in England, around four million in total. Our collection includes images taken by the RAF and the Ordnance Survey between the 1940s and the 19705 as well as material taken by our own survey teams. Air photographs provide a unique angle on any site, allowing it to be seen in relation to its surroundings, to identify changes through time or to reveal features not clearly visible from the ground such as archaeological sites. They are a fascinating resource that can be used for a wide range of interests ranging from those of local historians to land use planners and environmental consultants.

Historic images of the buildings of England

Our collections include photographs of many parts of England, dating from the 1890s to the present day, measured drawings, surveys and written records. A wide range of buildings are covered ranging from parish churches to cathedrals and from stately homes to coal mining settlements. Of particular value are our detailed archives covering thematic or individual building survey work carried out by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (RCHME) and English Heritage. We also hold a national database of Listed Buildings. Architectural historians, students, picture researchers and local historians consult such collections.

Harvest time in Lower Cadsden (photo)

Harvest time in Lower Cadsden, Princes Risborough, Buckinghamshire c 1903.

Archaeologlcal records of England

The NMR offers a single point of access to information on the archaeological sites of England. A wide range of survey drawings and reports carried out by the RCHME, the Ordnance Survey and English Heritage complements the detailed information held in our database indexes. Detailed ground surveys of sites such as Avebury and Maiden Castle are held alongside air photo transcriptions of entire historic landscapes. Examples include air surveys of the extensive cropmarks of the Yorkshire Wolds and ground and air surveys of the rich prehistoric landscape of Salisbury Plain. These records provide a vital resource for students, archaeological consultants and local historians alike.

Ludgate Circus, London c1880 (photo)

Ludgate Circus, London c1880

How do we store our archives?

The NMR's collections are stored in a state of the art archive at the NMRC in Swindon, where temperature and humidity are regulated to prevent them from deteriorating. We catalogue 150,000 items each year. Our staff also work to ensure that our databases of archaeological sites and historic buildings are kept up to date and accurate. We have also begun scanning photographs and drawings in order to make them accessible electronically and are working towards making our catalogues and databases available via the Internet.

What services do we offer?

You are welcome to visit our public search rooms in Swindon and London. There is no need to make an appointment, although a telephone call in advance can save time when you visit. We also offer a range of remote enquiry services, many of which are free. You can ask our staff to search for information on your behalf by writing a letter, sending a fax or completing the enquiry form on our website. We also hold regular free exhibitions at our gallery in Swindon and run a programme of lectures, evening classes, guided tours and research days.

Who uses the NMR?

A wide range of people consult the NMR. Many are members of the public, some belonging to local or family history societies, who are interested in knowing more about their local area. Others are specialists such as archaeologists, planners and architectural historians.

How do I use the NMR?

For a free information pack on NMR services or details of our opening times, please contact:

NMR Enquiry and Research Services, English Heritage, National Monuments Record Centre, Swindon, SN2 2GZ. Tel: 01793 414600, Fax: 01793 414606, or complete a free enquiry form on our website at: www.englishheritage.org.uk

Lock-up at Wheatley, Oxon (photo)

Lock-up at Wheatley, Oxon


Letter - Reading Borough Police registers

from John Bowley, Maidenhead, Berkshire

Whilst checking the Public Record Office [Now the National Archives] website, and in particular the demonstration pages for the 1901 census, my attention was caught by data taken from the 1891 census for Norfolk which the PRO was using to promote its service; in this they appear to have been only too successful!

The name George Blanch jogged my memory; I had seen this name whilst indexing the police records at Sulhamstead (see the March edition of the Berkshire Family Historian). George's family had been used as an example to illustrate the use of the census records; they lived at Hockering, a small village west of Norwich. George had joined the Reading Police in January 1899 aged 23, giving his place of residence as Morton - which is near Hockering. In the 1891 census his age is given as 15, which ties up well.

In fact quite a few recruits to the Reading Police came from Norfolk, and for some reason several came from County Limerick in Ireland, perhaps word of mouth comes into play here with recruits extolling the quality of life in the force when writing home? I have now enlarged the index of the Police records to 350 names by extending it up to the year 1902; a task for the future is to try to take it back to the foundation of the Force in 1836.

Broadmoor Hospital archives

by John Heritage

Some of the staff at Broadmoor are trying to form a museum. Would you like to help? It was a proposal out of the blue but I jumped at it. I had lived in Crowthome since 1965 but knew nothing of our grim neighbour up the hill. The opportunity to look inside the hospital was too good to miss, quite apart from my curiosity about the history of Broadmoor.

At the first meeting, and scarcely daring to hope for permission, I asked if I might see the documents. I was taken to a large panelled room in which assorted crates of paper and books were piled to a height of about seven feet along a wall about thirty feet long and to a width of several feet. It was an untidy heap and it was immediately obvious that the books near the bottom and standing on their edges were being seriously damaged under the weight of several feet of paper above them. It was also quickly apparent that many of the documents were of national significance. The hospital had first received patients in 1863 and since that time there had been no record management system and nothing had been thrown away deliberately but neither had anything been saved deliberately. When a cupboard was filled with paper, its door was locked and another cupboard found. After more than a hundred years, there were document hoards in roof spaces, under stairs, in long forgotten cupboards and unused rooms.

Broadmoor Old Gate

Broadmoor Old Gate

Somehow during the following meeting of the Broadmoor History Society, I was given the task of listing what was in the accumulation. Our initial aim was a discussion with the Public Record Office about what should be done. That was in 1992 and by 1995 the nine tons of paper had been listed, sorted and archivally boxed on shelves. More importantly perhaps, representatives of the Public Record Office had given their blessing to our progress and plans. During their first visit, they described the documents as being ‘a national treasure’ and our own views were vindicated. I think that we were all surprised by the variety and richness of what we found; leather bound volumes, oil and water colour paintings by a nationally famous artist, early maps of the area, photographs, files and loose sheets of paper.

Broadmoor was the first custom-built criminal lunatic asylum in the world. It was originally conceived as a national establishment but it also served the empire during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. I found that there were no precedents for an establishment having both medical and penal motives for its existence. It took many trials to find a set of headings under which to catalogue the almost random assortment of items which were found. There was a copy of a Privy Council notice authorising the building of Broadmoor and signed by Queen Victoria. There were letters from high ranking Government officers (sometimes in Australia, India or Nigeria for example), records of patients and staff giving extraordinary details of their lives, journals of Superintendents and correspondence dealing with civil defence problems for an asylum in time of war. At the other end of the scale, there was a tea-chest of stores chits; scraps of often undated papers showing perhaps a gas-mantle, a toilet roll or six dusters and authorised by incomprehensibly scribbled initials. Another crate contained failed applications for employment files. The applications included photographs, security checks with previous employers and neighbours and supporting letters of character. A gold-mine for descendants if they were indexed - but why would the hospital retain them when the application failed?

Two major tasks are presently underway: the creation of finding aids and decisions about closure periods for different classes of record. Until such processes are complete there can be no possibility of general access although this must be a long term objective for the bulk of the collection. An index of employees was an early ambition and is now essentially complete from 1862 to the mid 1920s with patchy coverage thereafter to about 1950 when responsibility for Broadmoor was transferred from the Home Office to the Ministry of Health. This index already covers salary and wage ledgers and other classes of record are gradually being added to it. If anyone knows that they have an ancestor who was employed at Broadmoor, their pay, title(s), roles, promotions,

The Terrace, Broadmoor

The Terrace, Broadmoor

misdemeanours and so forth can be easily provided. Similarly, building alterations, management structures, policies, the holders of key posts and the interactions of the Commissioners in Lunacy, Councils of Supervision, Boards of Control within Broadmoor are now easily accessible. A review of legislation impacting on Broadmoor and forensic psychiatry has been completed. The responses of the Home Office to unexpected or unusual demands during two world wars (including the presence of enemy prisoners of war and the dropping of a stick of H.E. bombs across the site) provide interesting sidelines.

The problem of access to patient information is much more complex and unresolved. Medical records seem likely to remain closed for ever except to bona fide medical researchers. Exceptionally, and subject to medical counselling, such information may be interpreted to genuine next-of-kin. As a policy, the hospital will not engage in any discussion of named patients with anybody on a routine basis. The hospital has an indefinitely long duty of care to its patients and their families, which it takes very seriously. There is a body of opinion which considers that criminal lunatic non-medical records are so sensitive that whereas lunatic or criminal records are opened after three generations this is not sufficiently long to protect the descendants of Broadmoor patients. Four generations (125 years) has been proposed informally as a minimum closure period but no formal consideration has yet taken place.

There have been one or two extraordinary exceptions where the ethical committee of the hospital has judged that it is in the interest of the patient and his or her family to release non-medical information. One of these led to the publication of the book The Surgeon of Crowthorne, where a patient made a contribution to world literature in spite of his mental illness and his isolation from the world. Another concerned an internationally famous painter whose fanciful pictures have given pleasure to thousands. Their families are able to feel proud of such relations as a result of their lives and mental illness being put into perspective. Another taboo area concerns security. Access to recent maps, plans and photographs is restricted to the extent of being inaccessible to all but a very few members of staff.

Some of the foregoing, coupled with the rather secretive image of Broadmoor held by some, ought not to discourage genuine students having a reasonable and serious interest in its historic affairs. A recent enquirer telephoned me recently. He knew his grandparents’ names but nothing more and their surnames were so common that searching for them was likely to be unsuccessful. Their family papers had been destroyed during the war and he was at a loss to find a starting point. He had a number of family folk-memories which might or might not be true but which were of no immediate help. He believed that his grandfather had begun life in Scotland; that he might have fought in the war (but which one?); that he might have worked at Broadmoor but had no idea of when. As we spoke, I looked in our staff index and because his grandfather’s given names were somewhat unusual, I found him immediately. By the end of ten minutes I had given him a date of birth, the fact that he had fought in the Crimean war, his date of entry to Broadmoor, his pay and increments, title, promotions (and one demotion), date of retirement after an assault. Better still, I was able to tell him that his grandparents must have met at Broadmoor because I found her too. She was a laundry maid and we found her date of birth and employment details. She had been obliged to leave Broadmoor when she married so he could guess at a likely date for that too. The caller was understandably almost speechless by the time that we ended the conversation and he hurried away with the intention of discovering from the 1881 census where his two grandparents had been born.

There are at least two other aspects to making enquiries to a place like Broadmoor, in addition to the enquirer’s own motives. Firstly, records become more complete if they are linked to external events and secondly our efforts to improve the safety of precious records are worthless if the records are unused. It gave me enormous satisfaction both for the hospital and for myself to unlock a door to the past for the caller. If anyone knows of an ancestor who worked at Broadmoor and would like to know more of his employment there, a letter addressed to me at the hospital will be answered to the best of our ability.

Royal Berkshire Hospital archives

by Dr. Marshall Barr

For many years the archives were scattered both inside and outside the hospital. Thanks to a few staff associated with the hospital’s Library, they were gradually brought together and in 1983 they were catalogued by Brenda Parry-Jones of Oxford. This catalogue is on hand-written cards, with a hand-written index system. Since then many items have been added to the collection without the catalogue being updated. Because of developments at the hospital, the archives room has changed location five times in the last thirty years. The present archives room is in the basement of the 1839 hospital building. Conditions are not ideal, but the room is secure, with good shelving protected by plastic sheeting, and tables and chairs for researchers. The Archives Room is accepted as adequate by the County Archivist.

In the year 2000, the Royal Berkshire and Battle Hospitals NHS Trust granted custody of the archives to the Berkshire Medical Heritage Centre. The Heritage Centre is independent of, but closely associated with the NHS Trust. It has a Museum at the hospital, close to the Archives Room. I am Chairman and Dr Tim Smith is Honorary Secretary of the Heritage Centre, and we are currently restoring order to the arrangement of the archives, which were disrupted in the last move, and cataloguing the most important of the newer items. We are seeking funds to get the archives computer-catalogued, to have fungus-affected volumes decontaminated and for conservation work.

Royal Berkshire Hospital - early sketch

Contents

The archives relate mainly to the RBH, from its foundation: they include bound volumes of the annual reports and the minutes of the most important committees. There are many bound volumes recording staff and patients -inpatients, outpatients, operating theatre registers etc. Miscellaneous deeds, documents and photographs are stored in cardboard boxes.

In addition there are scattered, very incomplete records from

Berkshire and Buckinghamshire Joint Sanatorium 1915-48;

Henley and District War Memorial Hospital 1942-48;

Oxford Eye Infirmary (a ‘stray’ Annual Report 1910);

Reading Union Workhouse (later Battle Hospital) 1890;

Reading Corporation Isolation Hospital, Bridge Street, 1905;

Redlands War Hospital, 1915-18;

Smith Isolation Hospital 1891-1950;

South Chiltern’s Hospital Board 1928-46;

Wallingford and Crowmarsh Joint Hospital Board 1899+;

Wallingford and Bullingdon Joint Hospital Board 1933-48;

Wallingford Cottage Hospital 1880-88;

Wallingford and District Hospital 1937-48;

Wallingford Isolation Hospital 1906-48.

Tracing staff and patients

From a family historian’s viewpoint, probably the most significant archives relate to staff and patients. It is most important to understand the constraints in accessing this information. Firstly, many of the records are of a highly sensitive nature. Casual browsing cannot be permitted. The Archives Room is locked and access is only possible for bona-fide researchers under supervision. Records over 100 years old may be fully studied. For those genuinely researching a family history, supervised, limited access may be offered to the more recent records. Photocopying of these is not possible. Access cannot be permitted to the fungally infected records until the problem is solved. Access to damaged items may be withheld until conservation treatment has been carried out.

Main sources of information on patients

RBH patients (sadly, we have no record of patients from Battle or any of the other hospitals, except Wallingford Isolation Hospital):

1839-1844. RB 11. In Patients & Out Patients

1839-1846. RB 26. Out Patients

1839-1854, 1863-1943, (1950). RB24. Vols c, d, e,f, g, dd, ee, 1950 isolated (Fungus)

1849-1953. RB 25. In Patients & Out Patients. Alphabetical. Names only. Gaps. Vols for 1945, 46, 49, 51, 52, 53 isolated

1925-1984. RB 31. Anaesthetics journal general theatre

1925-1932. RB 5. X-Ray journal

1929-1969. RB 32. Anaesthetics journal ENT theatre. Vols a, b, c, d, e, f isolated

1927-1930. RB 30. Clinical notes. Mr Powell

1930-1939. RB 27. Out Patients. Vol b isolated

1932-1938. RB 16. Casualty patients. Some admitted

1936-1944. RB 44. Patient services ledger

1937-1954. RB 14. Victoria Ward register

1938-1943. RB 29. Weekly discharge of inpatients. Vol a isolated

1942-1969. RB 15. Anaesthetics journal Gynae theatre

1950-1970. RB 23. ENT outpatients. Oct 1953-Apr 1970 - OP operations

1958-1960. RB 46. Benyon Ward register

Operating Theatre Records of Cases

Orthopaedic Theatre Recovery Room Casebooks:

Theatres 3 & 4. June 1980-Nov 1981. 2 bound volumes

Theatre 3. Oct 1981-June 1990. 4 bound volumes

Theatre 4. Oct 1981-June 1990. 15 bound volumes

Minor Theatre Dec 1984-June 1990. 7 bound volumes

Theatre not specified. March 1983-June 1992. 36 bound volumes

Obstetric (Maternity) Theatre. March 1967-March 1997. 8 bound volumes

Gynaecology (Nuffield Theatre and Maternity Theatre). Sep 1969-Nov 1996. 31 bound volumes. ? completeness.

Eye Theatre Register

Jan 1955-July 1973. 5 volumes

July 1975-May 1981.3 volumes

General Theatre Anaesthetics Journal (includes patient name, surgeon and operation.

These are catalogued under RB 31a- zzzz+. Last vols not catalogued. 1925-June 1984 consecutive

General Theatre Recovery Room Day Cases

April 1970-Dec 1980. One volume, shelved after the anaesthetics journals. These do not correlate with the operations in the anaesthetics journal. (The day cases were recorded separately.)

Main Sources of Information on Staff

Records of Nurses:

Register of Nurses 1899-1943. Six volumes.

Mixture of trained and untrained nurses

Register of Student Nurses 1938-1962. 4 volumes

Register of Trained Nurses 1948-1967. 2 volumes

Register of Private Nurses 1886-1917. 1 volume. 1920-1939. 1 volume

Register of Nurses Blagrave Branch 1930-1966. 2 volumes. Mixture of trained and untrained nurses

Register of Nurses 1923-1930. 1 volume. Needs repair

Register of Nurses 1928-1933. 1 volume. Mostly student nurses

Register of part-time nursing staff, SENS and auxiliaries 1952-1968. 2 volumes

List of Nursing Finalists. 1955-1959. 1 volume

Uniform book. 1913-1941. 1 volume. Issue of uniforms to named nurses

House Committee Weekly Reports 1944-1972. 16 vols. Lacks 1964

Reports on nursing staff:

Nursing sub-committee minutes 1946-1948. 1 volume

Candidates for nurse training 1955-1968. 1 volumes

Nursing report book Nuffield 1 Ward (female surgical) Jan-Feb 1959. Catalogued as RB/45

Individual Nurses. A few files and named photographs of individual nurses and midwives. Numerous unidentified group photographs are stored in boxes

Records of Non-nursing Staff

Personal Files of Medical, Administrative, Technical and Domestic Staff 1913-1950s. 5 metal boxes

Records of a variety of staff 1940s-1950s. 4 small bound volumes

Records of Catering, Domestic and Laundry Staff 1940s-1950s. One large bound volume (These 5 vols are catalogued as RB Add? a-e)

Salary and Wages file 1944-1946. Brown paper wrap. Catalogued as RB/113 (Chronological No 166)

Wallingford Isolation Hospital

These are on mainshelves:

Admission registers 1906-1948. (HO 287 a&b).

Officers’ salaries ledgers 1927-1948. (HO 289 a&b).

Bona-fide enquiries should be directed to the Trust Librarian, Post Graduate Centre, Royal Berkshire Hospital, RG1 5AN (tel 0118 987 7849). Supervised access can be provided by appointment, normally on Monday mornings.

A database maintained by the Wellcome Trust and the Public Record Office [Now the National Archives] provides information on the existence and location of the records of hospitals in the U.K. Currently over 2,800 entries can be found in the database at www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/hospitalrecords/search.asp.

Dr Barr was a consultant anaesthetist to the Reading Group of Hospitals from 1973 to 1996. He is the founding Chairman of the Berkshire Medical Heritage Centre. He is co-author of ‘The Royal Berkshire Hospital 1839-1989’ and co-compiler of ‘Care & Compassion: Old Prints and Photographs of Hospitals and Nurses in Berkshire and South Oxfordshire’.

Additional information